Welcome to espacio-ICMM!

Through this ICMM space slack account you will be able to navigate the funk, padel, soccer, dance, articles-icmm, scientic-questions channel and many other things such as helping the new icmm-nautas. You can also open your own #channel to find people who share your interests. Join us! Read more


The Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (ICMM) is an institute of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC) (Spanish National Research Council) founded in December 1986, that belongs to the Area of Science and Technology of Materials, one of the eight Areas in which the CSIC divides its research activities.


Our mission is to create new fundamental and applied knowledge in materials of high technological impact, their processing and their transfer to the productive sectors at local, national and European scales (the true value of materials is in their use), the training of new professionals, and the dissemination of the scientific knowledge.

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Forthcoming Events


Topological Wilson-Hubbard matter: a bridge between condensed matter and high-energy physics
Alejandro Bermúdez  read more


Infrared spectromicroscopy and imaging with six decades of dynamic range
Ferenc Borondics  read more


2018 Nobel Prize in Physics, Part II:
Ultraintense Ultrashot Lasers: New Scientific Applications Allowed by the CPA Technology

Prof. Luis Roso   read more


Ricardo García, del ICMM, recibirá la distinción Beller lectureship de la American Physical Society durante el March Meeting de la APS (Boston, 4-8 Marzo, 2019)

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Atomic- and Molecular-Resolution Mapping of Solid–Liquid Interfaces by 3D Atomic Force Microscopy

Takeshi Fukuma and Ricardo Garcia

Hydration layers are ubiquitous in life and technology. Hence, interfacial aqueous layers have a central role in a wide range of phenomena from materials science to molecular and cell biology. A complete understanding of those processes requires, among other things, the development of very-sensitive and high-resolution instruments. Three-dimensional atomic force microscopy (3D-AFM) represents the latest and most successful attempt to generate atomically resolved three-dimensional images of solid–liquid interfaces. This review provides an overview of the 3D-AFM operating principles and its underlying physics. We illustrate and explain the capability of the instrument to resolve atomic defects on crystalline surfaces immersed in liquid. We also illustrate some of its applications to imaging the hydration structures on DNA or proteins. In the last section, we discuss some perspectives on emerging applications in materials science and molecular biology.

ACS Nano,

ICMM-2019 - Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain. Tel: +34 91 334 9000. info@icmm.csic.es