Hydroxyapatites as Versatile Inorganic Hosts of Unusual Pentavalent Manganese Cations
Varela A., Gómez-Recio I., Serrador L., Hernando M., Matesanz E., Torres-Pardo A., Fernández-Díaz M.T., Martínez J.L., Gonell F., Rousse G., Sanchez C., Laberty-Robert C., Portehault D., González-Calbet J.M., Par
Contrary to molecular species, only very few solids are reported to host manganese (V) species. Herein, we report three new compounds with a hydroxyapatite structural backbone built on the MnVO43– anion: Sr5[(Mn1–xSix)O4]3(OH)1–3x (x = 0 and 0.053), Sr5(MnO4)3(OH)1–yFy (y = 0.90), and Sr5[(Mn1–xSix)O4]3F1–3x (x = 0.058). These solids are fully characterized using powder X-ray and neutron powder diffraction, scanning transmission electron microscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), thermogravimetric analysis, and magnetic measurements. Especially, we report for the first time EELS Mn–L2,3 spectra of manganese with the oxidation state (V). Contrary to other Mn(V) oxides, these solids and the nominal compound Sr5(MnO4)3OH do not comprise Ba2+ cations but rely only on Sr2+ cations, showing that barium is not a required element to stabilize Mn(V) species in inorganic solids. We show that by tuning soft chemistry conditions on the one hand and post-treatment topological transformation conditions on the other hand, Mn(V) and hydroxyl groups can be substituted by Si(IV) and fluoride ions, respectively. Hence, we deliver solids with a potentially wide composition range. These compounds show significant oxygen anionic conduction, thus suggesting the emergence of new functional materials built from high-oxidation state manganese cations.
Apatite Ca5(PO4)3X-type structure (X: OH–, F–, or Cl–). On the right are shown the two coordinations for Ca: nine-coordinated CaO9 tricapped trigonal prisms and a seven-coordinated one forming AO6X bicapped trigonal prisms.