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Through this ICMM space slack account you will be able to navigate the funk, padel, soccer, dance, articles-icmm, scientic-questions channel and many other things such as helping the new icmm-nautas. You can also open your own #channel to find people who share your interests. Join us! Read more


The Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (ICMM) is an institute of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC) (Spanish National Research Council) founded in December 1986, that belongs to the Area of Science and Technology of Materials, one of the eight Areas in which the CSIC divides its research activities.


Our mission is to create new fundamental and applied knowledge in materials of high technological impact, their processing and their transfer to the productive sectors at local, national and European scales (the true value of materials is in their use), the training of new professionals, and the dissemination of the scientific knowledge.

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Forthcoming Events


Transport phenomena in hybrid superconductor devicestlezqQXH
Robert HusseinEveLwTRJ  read more


Materials Science Applications of Carbon Dots
Raz Jelinek  read more


Optics and Biomaterials to Improve Vision
Susana Marcos Celestino  read more

Highly Efficient and Recyclable Carbon-Nanofiber-Based Aerogels for Ionic Liquid–Water Separation and Ionic Liquid Dehydration in Flow-Through Conditions

Li Zhi Guan, María C. Gutiérrez, María J. Roldán?Ruiz, Ricardo Jiménez, M. Luisa Ferrer, Francisco del Monte

Ionic liquids (ILs) are being widely used in many diverse areas of social interest, including catalysis, electrochemistry, etc. However, issues related to hygroscopicity of many ILs and the toxic and/or nonbiodegradable features of some of them limit their practical use. Developing materials capable of IL recovery from aqueous media and dehydration, thus allowing their recycling and subsequent reutilization, in a single and efficient process still poses a major challenge. Herein, electrically conductive aerogels composed of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) with remarkable superhydrophobic features are prepared. CNF-based 3D aerogels are prepared through a cryogenic process, so called ice-segregation-induced self-assembly (ISISA) consisting of the unidirectional immersion of an aqueous chitosan (CHI) solution also containing CNFs in suspension into a liquid nitrogen bath, and subsequent freeze-drying. The CNF-based 3D aerogels prove effective for absorption of ILs from aqueous biphasic systems and recovery with quite low water contents just through a single process of filtration. Moreover, the electrical conductivity of CNF?based 3D aerogels is particularly interesting to treat highly viscous ILs because the Joule effect allows not only shortening of the absorption process but also enhancement of the flux rate when operating in flow-through conditions.

Advanced Materials, 2019

a–f) Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the CNF-based 3D aerogel resulting from unidirectional freezing and freeze-drying before (a–d) and after (e,f) HDI treatment. Longitudinal views in (a,b), and cross-sectional views in (c–f). Scale bars are 1 mm in (a, c, and e), 50 µm in (b) and 100 µm in (d,f). The red arrow in (a) indicates the direction of freezing.

ICMM-2019 - Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain. Tel: +34 91 334 9000.