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El Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (ICMM) es un Instituto del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), perteneciente al Área de Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales.


La misión del ICMM es generar nuevos conocimientos básicos y aplicados en materiales y procesos con alto valor añadido y su transferencia a los sectores productivos de ámbito local, nacional y europeo (el verdadero valor de los materiales está en su uso), la formación de nuevos profesionales en el campo de los materiales y la divulgación del conocimiento científico.


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Próximos Eventos



Strong hybridization of plasmons with charge-transfer modes in subnanometric cavities

Pablo García González  leer más


La ciencia en la televisión del futuro
Graziella Almendral   leer más


Viscosity of 2D Topological Phases
Barry Bradlyn  leer más

All-natural and highly flame-resistant freeze-cast foams based on phosphorylated cellulose nanofibrils

Maryam Ghanadpour, Bernd Wicklein, Federico Carosio and Lars Wågberg

Pure cellulosic foams suffer from low thermal stability and high flammability, limiting their fields of application. Here, light-weight and flame-resistant nanostructured foams are produced by combining cellulose nanofibrils prepared from phosphorylated pulp fibers (P-CNF) with microfibrous sepiolite clay using the freeze-casting technique. The resultant nanocomposite foams show excellent flame-retardant properties such as self-extinguishing behavior and extremely low heat release rates in addition to high flame penetration resistance attributed mainly to the intrinsic charring ability of the phosphorylated fibrils and the capability of sepiolite to form heat-protective intumescent-like barrier on the surface of the material. Investigation of the chemical structure of the charred residue by FTIR and solid state NMR spectroscopy reveals the extensive graphitization of the carbohydrate as a result of dephosphorylation of the modified cellulose and further dehydration due to acidic catalytic effects. Originating from the nanoscale dimensions of sepiolite particles, their high specific surface area and stiffness as well as its close interaction with the phosphorylated fibrils, the incorporation of clay nanorods also significantly improves the mechanical strength and stiffness of the nanocomposite foams. The novel foams prepared in this study are expected to have great potential for application in sustainable building construction.

Nanoscale, 2018

ICMM-2018 - Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, España. Tel: +34 91 334 9000.