|Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid|
|Condensed Matter Theory|
|Sigmund Kohler||home | cv | research | publications|
Incomplete pure dephasing of N-qubit entangled W statesRoland Doll, Martijn Wubs, Peter Hänggi, and Sigmund Kohler
Phys. Rev. B 76, 045317 (2007)
We consider qubits in a linear arrangement coupled to a bosonic field which acts as a quantum heat bath and causes decoherence. By taking the spatial separation of the qubits explicitly into account, the reduced qubit dynamics acquires an additional non-Markovian element. We investigate the exact time evolution of an entangled many-qubit W state, which for vanishing qubit separation remains robust under pure dephasing. For finite separation, by contrast, the dynamics is no longer decoherence-free. On the other hand, spatial noise correlations may prevent complete dephasing. While a standard Bloch-Redfield master equation fails to describe this behavior even qualitatively, we propose instead a widely applicable causal master equation. Here we employ it to identify and characterize decoherence-poor subspaces. Consequences for quantum error correction are discussed.
[Condensed Matter Theory]
last modified: 25.10.2018 by Sigmund Kohler